Psychological perspectives on lesbian, gay, and bisexual experiences
Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions Other books in this series. Business, Not Politics Katherine Sender. Add to basket. The Violet Hour David Bergman. Kimmel and Linda D. Garnets 2. Biological Perspectives on Sexual Orientation, by J. Michael Bailey 3. Bisexual Identities, by Ronald C. Fox 4. Diamond and Ritch C. Herek 6. A Conceptual and Methodological Analysis.
Pdf Psychological Perspectives On Lesbian, Gay, And Bisexual Experiences
Kite and Bernard E. Whitley Jr. Herek and Barrie Levy 8. Rust Herek Savin-Williams Wieringa Spalding Monogamy and Polyamory, by Paula C.
Patterson Morris Kimmel and Barbara E. Sang Grossman Anthony R. D'Augelli and Timothy S. Rothblum Haldeman Transgender voices: Beyond women and men. In this extraordinary book, based on in-depth interviews, Lori B. Girshick, a sociologist and social justice activist, brings together the voices of sex- and gender-diverse people who speak with absolute candor about their lives. A sensitive listener and able recorder of their stories, Girshick presents transpeople speaking in their own voices about identity, coming out, passing, sexual orientation, relationship negotiations, and the dynamics of attraction, homophobia including internalized fears , and bullying.
Greene, B. Education, research, and practice in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered psychology: A resource manual. This volume brings together experts with knowledge of strategies for teaching, confronting heterosexism, and training for clinical practice and research.
Herek, G. Hate crimes: Confronting violence against lesbians and gay men. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Many were based on testimony at the anti-gay violence hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives. The stories are brief and memorable and put a human face on the problem of violence against gays and lesbians. Perrotti, J. When the drama club is not enough: Lessons from the Safe Schools Program for gay and lesbian students.
Boston, MA: Beacon. This book describes work done by two individuals heading Safe Schools Program for Gay and Lesbian students. Through narratives and personal stories they explain current issues faced by homosexual students and inspiring strategies to overcome these situations. Some specific issues addressed include homosexuality at the elementary and middle school levels and coming out in school sports.
The authors speak directly to anybody concerned with harassment of these individuals and would like to use gay and lesbian issues to start a transformation towards acceptance in their school systems. Rose, S. Lesbian love and relationships. New York: Harrington Park Press.
This collection of chapters covers a wide array of topics related to lesbian relationships, touching on ethnicity, race, and social class considerations, developmental issues, sexual relating, intimate partner violence, emergence and the impact of homophobia, and friendships between lesbians and heterosexual women. Casper, V. Toward a most thorough understanding of the world: Sexual orientation and early childhood education. Yelland Ed. The authors consistently integrate their own struggles to promote understanding and acceptance of sexual orientation in their personal institutions.
Hancock, K. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual psychology: Past, present, and future directions. Iwamasa Eds. New York: Brunner-Routledge. This chapter discusses the history of LGB research in the mental health arena, from the notion that homosexuality was psychopathological, to discussing the psychological adjustment that those who were LGB needed to make to society, to the present day research of describing LGB individuals within various demographic contexts e.
It concludes by discussing future areas of research among LGB populations. Kimmel Eds. Herek addresses the stigma of homosexuality and how it influences gays and lesbians decision about whether and when to self-disclose their sexual orientation. Herek discusses the coming-out process and possibilities for societal attitude change. Israel, T. What counselors need to know about working with sexual minority clients. Hackett Eds. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
This chapter discusses how LGB individuals must make a choice upon every person they meet to decide if they want to come out to these new individuals or not. Kantor, M. Coping, containing, and countering antigay sexual prejudice and discrimination. Chin Ed. This chapter explores variations of homophobias, categorizes them according to related emotional disorders, and then presents an accompanying antitheses. Adams, N.
Educational Psychology in Practice, 20 3 , — This paper investigates whether homophobic bullying is addressed in the policies of 19 different secondary schools. Two-thirds of policies addressed equal opportunity, but gays and lesbians were not mentioned in any anti-bullying policies. Faculty of the schools expressed a need for further education in homophobic bullying, education, and Section The authors discuss the need for educational psychologists to provide information that would raise awareness about this topic in schools.
American Psychological Association. Guidelines for psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. American Psychologist, 44, — These guidelines are a comprehensive discussion of the stance that therapists should take with LGB clients in therapy. They caution against stigmatizing or treating as pathological LGB clients and suggest ways of discussing issues in therapy.
Biaggio, M. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 34, — Research indicates that there is a relationship between the institutional climate and the quality of education about LGB issues, and the authors suggest that it behooves programs and their institutions to attend to both aspects of LGB-affirmative strategies.
Bogaert, A. Sexual orientation, fraternal birth order, and the maternal immune hypothesis: A review. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology , 32 2 , Calzo, J. Retrospective recall of sexual orientation identity development among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adults. Developmental Psychology, 47 6 , Data from the California Quality of Life Surveys was used to assess sexual orientation identity development.
Findings suggest that self-identification as GLB often precedes first same-sex sexual activity. Gender differences in the onset and pace of sexual orientation identity development are discussed. Carroll, L. Counselor self-disclosure: Does sexual orientation matter to straight clients? International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 33 2 , This study investigated the impact of counselor self-disclosure of sexual orientation using a hypothetical scenario administered to self-identified heterosexual undergraduate participants.
Participants perceived the disclosing gay and lesbian counselors as significantly more trustworthy than their nondisclosing gay and lesbian counterparts. Cass, V. Homosexual identity formation: A theoretical model. Journal of Homosexuality, 4, — It discussed how LGB individuals go through phases where they initially are confused about their sexuality to accepting their sexuality to having pride in their sexuality. The article followed lesbian women in therapy throughout an academic year and described their insights at various phases of their identity development.
Crow, S. Who is at greatest risk of work-related discrimination—women, blacks, or homosexuals? Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 11 , 15— The authors examine hiring bias against job applicants based on gender, sexual orientation, and race. The researchers found that straight applicants were more likely to be hired over applicants who were gay or lesbian.
Further, the authors found that Black lesbians and Black gay male applicants were least favored by those who were surveyed. Disclosure of sexual orientation, victimization, and mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual older adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16, — This article discusses how mental health issues faced by LGB clients deal more with how society treats them as opposed to their sexual orientation per se. Eldridge, J. The relationship between old-fashioned and modern heterosexism to social dominance orientation and structural violence.
Journal of Homosexuality, 58 3 , This study investigated whether social dominance orientation and acceptance of structural violence predict old-fashion and modern heterosexism.
Results indicated acceptance of structural violence better predicted both modern and old-fashioned heterosexism than did social dominance orientation. Ellis, A. Journal of Homsexuality, 30 , 75— This study compared job satisfaction of gay men and lesbians who were open about their sexual orientation relative to those who were not open. The researchers found the degree to which the gay men and lesbians were open about their sexual orientation was related to their pay and their satisfaction.
Specifically, employees who were not open about their sexual orientation were more satisfied with their salaries and indeed received greater pay than those who were open about their sexual orientation. However, those who were open about their sexual orientation were more satisfied with their relationships with coworkers and boss than those who were not open. Ewing, V. Student prejudice against gay male and lesbian lecturers. The Journal of Social Psychology, , — Based on teaching evaluations, the researchers found that the students did not discriminate against the gay and lesbian instructors when the quality of their lectures was weak.
However, students discriminated when the quality of the lectures was strong. According to the authors, the findings suggest that students discriminated against the gay and lesbian instructors by denying them deserved positive evaluations. Falomir-Pichastor, J. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin , 35 9 , Presents several studies that support the hypothesis that in heterosexual men, but not heterosexual women, sexual prejudice serves to maintain a positive gender-related identity and distinguish it from a homosexual identity.
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Minimizing heterosexism and homophobia: Constructing meaning of out campus LGB life. Journal of Homosexuality , 58 4 , Content analysis of interview data was used to investigate how American college students perceive the heterosexism and homophobia they encounter in their daily lives. Fletcher, A. Incorporating issues of sexual orientation in the classroom: Challenges and solutions.
This article discusses the challenges educators face when trying to incorporate issues of sexual minorities into the classroom. Gartrell, N. Adolescents of the U. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40 6 , Data were collected on sexual orientation, sexual behavior, and sexual risk exposure from year-old children of women enrolled in a long-running prospective study of same-sex parented families. Results indicated suggest that adolescents reared in lesbian families are less likely than their peers to be victimized by a parent or other caregiver, and that daughters of lesbian mothers are more likely to engage in same-sex behavior and to identify as bisexual.
Gender gaps in public opinion about lesbians and gay men. Public Opinion Quarterly, 66 , 40— Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 1 , 6— Provides both a historical and a current overview of the literature on heterosexism and anti-gay prejudice, including a discussion of the term homophobia. This critique is thoughtful and suggests avenues for future research. Anti-equality marriage amendments and sexual stigma. Journal of Social Issues , 61 , This article provides a stigma-based analysis of anti-equality marriage laws and campaigns.
Second, because being the target of stigma is stressful, the political campaigns surrounding anti-equality marriage amendments are a source of heightened stress for lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals. Third, structural and individual manifestations of sexual stigma are interrelated; the initial enactment and continuing existence of anti-equality marriage laws depend on the opinions and actions of the voting public. Herek , G. Demographic, psychological, and social characteristics of self-identified lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in a U.
Sexuality Research and Social Policy , 7 , Using data from a U. Horvath, M. Antecedents and potential moderators of the relationship between attitudes and hiring discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Sex Roles, 48 , — The authors examine hiring discrimination based on sexual orientation. The authors examined the extent to which participant religiosity, beliefs about gender roles, previous exposure to gay men and lesbians, and beliefs about the controllability of homosexuality influenced their attitudes towards lesbians and gay men.
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The authors also studied the relationship between attitudes and discriminatory behavior. Jayakumar, U. The invisible rainbow in diversity: Factors influencing sexual prejudice among college students. Journal of Homosexuality , 56 6 , This study investigates the impact of college experiences on sexual prejudice using on a nationwide, longitudinal of college students.
Results indicate that individuals are more accepting of lesbian, gay, and bisexual relationships after four years of college and that racially diversity in the college environment is associated with a decrease in sexual prejudice. Kite, M. Some things are different now: An optimistic look at sexual prejudice.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35 3 , Kite reflects on her teaching, research, and national events to comment on progress in the area of LGBT rights and sexual prejudice. Sex differences in attitudes toward homosexual persons, behaviors, and civil rights: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, — The authors found that straight men held more negative attitudes toward gay men than towards lesbians and straight women held more negative attitudes toward lesbians than toward gay men. The relationship between respondent sex and attitudes toward homosexuality was mediated by sex role attitudes.
Civil rights attitudes toward lesbians and gay men were similar between men and women. Other issues such as biases in the homosexuality literature were considered. LaMar, L. Sex differences in attitudes toward gay men and lesbians: A multidimensional perspective.
Journal of Sex Research, 35 , — On all factors except stereotypes, straight men held more negative attitudes toward gay men than toward lesbians. Women on the contact factor held more negative attitudes towards lesbians than towards gay men. Lark, J. Counseling Psychologist, 26 5 , — This study investigates lesbian, gay, and bisexual LGB students in a doctoral program for counseling psychology. This led to the themes of formation, function, and impact which are commonly found when forming mentor relationships between faculty and LGB students.
Implications for the findings are addressed and recommendations to faculty members are made based on the research. Liddle, B. Coming out in class: Disclosure of sexual orientation and teaching evaluations. Teaching of Psychology, 24 1 , 32— This article focuses on the possibility of an evaluation bias relating to a professor disclosing her sexual orientation. A lesbian professor shared her sexual orientation with two classes and withheld this information from two other comparable classes.
As previous research has stated, no evaluation bias was found in comparing the two groups. This is consistent with the belief that evaluation bias is diminished when raters have solid information and personal experience with the individual being rated and they are rating previous, instead of future, success. Little, J. Embracing gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered youth in school-based settings. Child and Youth Care Forum, 30 2 , 99— Many of these struggles go unnoticed by teachers and educators.
This paper explains various types of difficulties these children endure including finding their identity and becoming socially accepted.